Alzheimer’s disease | Symptoms, Diagnosis and related conditions

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia that worsens over time. It can be debilitating for both the person with Alzheimer’s and the family members who care for them. The symptoms are different depending on where in the brain Alzheimer’s has attacked, but most commonly include memory loss, confusion, mood swings, difficulty speaking or swallowing, and personality changes. Other conditions related to Alzheimer’s are Parkinson’s Disease (PD), Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) and vascular dementia.

 Symptoms and Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease begin with subtle memory loss and personality changes that are different from typical age-related memory loss. As Alzheimer’s disease progresses, symptoms become more severe.

Symptoms are typically not present in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease because it usually takes several years for brain changes to develop enough to cause symptoms. Most people with Alzheimer’s dementia do not live past eight years after diagnosis, but some may survive up to 20 years 

As the disease advances, memory loss grows and decision-making abilities deteriorate. Alzheimer’s disease can also cause changes in judgment, behavior, and the ability to communicate.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease include:

– Difficulty remembering newly learned information

– Repeating themselves or having trouble finding words, particularly when speaking 

– Having problems organizing daily tasks and activities such as taking medications , paying bills, cooking meals, doing laundry and getting dressed in the morning

– Withdrawing from work or social situations that were once enjoyed

– Losing interest in hobbies or other activities once found pleasurable 

– Trouble completing the tasks of everyday life, such as brushing teeth and bathing 

– Misplacing items around the house or losing track of things like keys or cell phones

 Experiencing mood changes including feeling anxious, irritable , frustrated, sad, or depressed

 – Seeing things that are not there (hallucinations)

Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is based on medical history , memory testing, personality changes, and other factors. Doctors also may order brain imaging studies such as CT scans, MRI scans , or PET scans to look for physical signs associated with Alzheimer’s disease.

 Treatments of Alzheimer’s disease

There are medicines and supportive therapies that can aid with memory and behavior issues, in addition to the fact that Alzheimer’s disease is not irreversible. However, the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease is more focused on controlling symptoms than preventing or slowing down its progression. There is currently no cure for Alzheimer’s disease.

There are several pharmaceutical treatments available on the market today to help with some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s, such as anxiety and depression. In addition, people who have been diagnosed can undergo therapies that will keep their brains active in order to slow down or prevent memory loss from occurring. For instance, physical exercise is known to be beneficial for the brain so people can engage in activities like swimming, walking or jogging during their leisure time.

Brain disorders are some of the most common neurological conditions worldwide and Alzheimer’s disease ranks second among all types of dementia after Age-related dementia. Some factors that contribute to this condition include genetic predisposition, aging and environmental factors.

Although the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease is more focused on controlling symptoms than preventing or slowing down its progression, there are several pharmaceutical treatments available to help with some of the most common symptoms such as anxiety and depression. In addition, people who have been diagnosed can undergo therapies that will keep their brains active in order to slow down memory loss. Physical exercise is known to be beneficial for the brain so people can engage in activities like swimming, walking or jogging during their leisure time.

 Related conditions

Dementia is not always caused by Alzheimer’s. Neurocognitive disorders are a class of neurologic diseases that includes Alzheimer’s. Other types of dementia include Vascular Dementia, frontotemporal lobar degeneration and Lewy body disease.

Dementia is a general term for memory loss that worsens over time. it is one type of dementia. It causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly over several years before reaching a noticeable stage.

All of these conditions are chronic diseases that require lifelong care and attention, but the treatment for each is typically different. It  has no cure or specific medication to prevent further memory loss; however, treatments like medications, therapy sessions and special activities can help improve symptoms like anxiety-related behaviors in patients with this condition.

Conclusion : Alzheimer’s is a horrible disease that can be debilitating for both the person with Alzheimer’s and the family members who care for them. It affects people in different ways, but most commonly includes memory loss, confusion, mood swings, difficulty speaking or swallowing, personality changes and other conditions related to it like Parkinson’s Disease (PD), Lewy Body Dementia (LBD) and vascular dementia.

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