Autism Spectrum Disorder with Its Diagnosis and Treatments

Autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder with its diagnosis and treatments

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. Autism has no cure but autism treatments can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Autism diagnosis can be done by using the DSM-5 criteria and Autism therapy includes specialized instruction in the areas of verbal language, nonverbal communication, play skills, cognitive skills, academic readiness skills and adaptive living skills.

Typically, ASDs begin in childhood and have a variety of obvious symptoms around the age of 2-3 years. Autism treatments are used to help ease the challenges of autism and improve quality of life. Autism therapies include specialized instruction in the areas of verbal language, nonverbal communication, play skills, cognitive skills, academic readiness skills and adaptive living skills.

Currently there is no known cure for autism but tools have been developed that can aid children with developmental disabilities including autism. The tools include communication aids, behavior therapies and medications. Many children with autism respond to medication however no one drug has been found effective for all individuals diagnosed with the disorder.

Diagnosis and risk factors of ASD

Typically, ASDs begin in childhood and have a variety of obvious symptoms around the age of two-three years. Autism therapies include specialized instruction in the areas of verbal language, nonverbal communication, play skills, cognitive skills, academic readiness skills and adaptive living skills. Currently there is no known cure for autism but tools have been developed that can aid children with developmental disabilities including autism.

The tools include communication aids, behavior therapies and medications. Many children with autism respond to medication however no one drug has been found effective for all individuals diagnosed with the disorder.

There is a strong likelihood that ASD will be present in siblings of those affected by Autism spectrum disorder as scientists have identified genetic links associated with autism. Autism diagnosis can be done by using the DSM-V criteria and a variety of screening instruments have been developed to aid in early identification of autism symptoms.

The most common risk factors associated with ASD are family history, lack or low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy, being male child and preterm birth. The exact cause for autism spectrum disorder is unknown and scientists continue to study the disorder.

Treatments of Autism spectrum disorder

Treatments of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are based on principles of applied behavior analysis. Applied behavior analysis is a type of therapy that uses highly structured, systematic, and intensive instruction to show people with ASD more appropriate ways to behave. This type of therapy is often successful with younger children because they can still be taught behaviors that allow them to adapt, but treatments for older children and adults are less successful because it’s harder for them to learn new behaviors.

 

Cognitive behavioral therapy has also been found useful in treating ASD. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps the person identify the way their thoughts may cause problems for them and this enables them to change their thought patterns so they can deal better with their difficulties. Learning how to control the way you think is a skill that takes time to learn.

 

Behavior modification treats ASD through rewarding appropriate behavior and discouraging inappropriate behaviors. Behavioral treatment can be very effective in working with children, but because of the nature of autism spectrum disorder, it may not work well for older children or adults who have more difficulty learning by imitation or seeing the point of view of other people.

 

There is no known cure for ASD, but there are treatments that can reduce the symptoms and help many children with autism spectrum disorder learn to function better in society. Although it’s a lifelong condition which means you will have to live with it forever, early diagnosis and treatment has been shown to improve your child’s chances of living a full and productive life.

 

Conclusion: Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that can have significant impacts on social, communication and behavioral skills. While there’s no cure for autism, many treatments are available to help those living with it live as well as possible.

The DSM-5 criteria is the tool used by professionals to diagnose autism spectrum disorder and treatment options include specialized instruction in areas such as verbal language, nonverbal communication, play skills, cognitive skills and adaptive living skills. If you know someone who may be struggling with symptoms of ASD or need more information about how we can assist them through therapy services please contact us today!

 

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