Specific Learning Disorder | Symptoms and Treatments

Specific Learning Disorder

Specific Learning Disorder | Symptoms and Treatments

Specific Learning Disorder is a neurological disorder that affects your ability to process information. Specific Learning Disorder can affect anyone, but it’s more prevalent in children and adolescents. Specific learning disorders are caused by any number of factors, including trauma or illness. Specific learning disorders may also be hereditary or due to other medical conditions.

Specific Learning Disorders have many symptoms that manifest themselves differently in different people, so there are no typical signs for Specific Learning Disorder

Specific Learning Disorder begins at school age. It can be difficult to diagnose because it varies in severity. It cannot be diagnosed immediately, each child is tested over time to determine whether or not they are suffering from this Disorder. Specific Learning Disorders are typically categorized by the academic aspect that is most affected by them. It affects many people every year, and there are treatments to help you cope with this Disorder…

Approximately 5 to 15 percent of school-age youngsters have a learning difficulty.

The most common types of learning disorders are Specific Learning Disorder (SLD), and reading disorder.

All students with a specific learning disorder have problems with one or more basic academic skills. The most common areas of difficulty are reading, writing, math calculation, spelling, and/or listening comprehension.

Diagnosis

After formal education has begun, only then can an educational learning problem be determined as a disorder.

The student must present with learning problems that are chronic enough to cause significant difficulties, which are not due to lack of intelligence or emotional problems.

This disorder cannot occur suddenly but must be evident early in life (before age 22).

A person must fulfill These four criteria to be diagnosed with a particular learning disability.

  1. Present with significant difficulties in one or more of the following areas:
  • Oral expression, listening comprehension, written expression
  • Basic reading skills
  • Basic math calculation, basic reading skills
  1. The difficulties are present despite an adequate opportunity to learn.
  2. The difficulties are not attributable to mental retardation, emotional or behavioural problems.
  3. The difficulties are present in more than one setting (e.g., home and school).
  • A specific learning disorder is the most common type of learning disability
  • Reading disorder falls under specific learning disorders

Types of Learning Disorders:

Dyslexia:

Dyslexia affects the ability to read, spell, and write. Dyslexia isn’t a disease, it’s a condition that makes learning harder for some people than others. Someone with dyslexia may have trouble deciphering words or remembering what they’ve read. They may also struggle to understand information heard in conversations or lectures. For someone with dyslexia, it can be difficult to read in the usual way. But, there are different kinds of help available.

Dyscalculia:

Dyscalculia is an impaired ability to understand numbers and learn math concepts. Dyscalculia affects more than 6 percent of students at some point during their school years. Dyscalculia can occur along with dyslexia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or Tourette’s syndrome…

Dysgraphia:

When you have dysgraphia, writing is hard to do because of a learning disability. It can make it difficult for you to form letters correctly and organize thoughts on paper, causing poor handwriting. It can cause problems with spelling and even affect your ability to form words correctly when speaking…

Learning difficulty can range from mild to severe.

Mild:

  • Struggling to learn new information, but with the assistance of a specialist, they can manage to pass their classes through hard work and extra help.
  • May need to use other parts of the brain (right side) more than others (left side).
  • This can cause them problems in other areas that also need the left side of the brain, such as math or writing.
  • They may show signs of dyslexia, but if it doesn’t cause them much trouble in their learning, they’ll be able to learn just fine.
  • They can have difficulties with specific parts of schoolwork, like writing or reading comprehension.

Moderate:

  • Struggling with school work, more than their peers.
  • May need extra help in all areas of schoolwork, including reading, writing and math. They may also have problems remembering things or concentrating on any one task for more than a few minutes at a time.
  • This can cause them more trouble in social situations, like talking with their peers or participating in group work.
  • They may also show signs of dyslexia, but if they’re able to learn just fine with some extra help and support, they’ll be able to manage through school.

Severe:

  • Struggling with everything about schoolwork, including getting dressed or feeding themselves.
  • May need few, if any, accommodations for schoolwork.
  • This can cause them extreme problems in social situations, like making friends or participating in group work with their peers.
  • They may also struggle concentrating on anything for more than a couple of minutes at a time. They may also show signs of dyslexia and other learning difficulties.

Causes:

  • Genetics and/or family history may contribute to the disorder
  • Parents, grandparents or older brothers and sisters with ADHD, LD, ASD or OCD can be a factor.
  • Exposure to smoking during pregnancy has been linked to an increased risk of learning disorders
  • Brain injury, lead poisoning and alcohol exposure during pregnancy can all contribute to learning disorders as well
  • Neurological factors such as tumors or trauma may also be a cause
  • Trauma is the most common reason for head injuries in children. It’s important to take any kind of head injury seriously, even if your child seems okay.

With the help of an educational therapist, you can learn strategies to help you overcome your difficulties.

Treatment

A student’s learning disorder cannot be cured completely but it can be treated. With specialized education and training, some students are able to manage their disorder more effectively.

There are different types of treatment available…

The following are some of the techniques that can be used for treating learning disorders.

Treatment

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): this is a psychological approach that addresses the cognitive, emotional and behavioural aspects of a disorder to help people with learning disorders overcome their difficulties. CBT helps them improve reasoning, perception and memory skills as well as self-control and feelings of self-worth.
  2. Social Skills Training: this helps students recognize and learn social skills they may be lacking. This treatment helps them make friends, ask for help when they need it and take part in group work at school or other activities with their peers.
  3. Neurofeedback Therapy: is the process of training the brain to improve its performance.
  4. Speech Therapy: this helps students learn to speak more fluently by practicing different techniques that will help them with their articulation, vocabulary and sentence structure. It can also help them develop their narrative skills.
  5. Medication: is only used on occasion for some individuals who don’t respond well to other types of treatment.
  6. Multimodal Treatment: is a combination of different treatments that can be used at the same time. This type of treatment should only be used under the guidance and supervision of an educational therapist or pediatrician who specializes in learning disorders.
  7. Enriched Environments: these are specifically designed learning conditions that help improve a student’s academic and social performance in school and life in general. These environments can be found in special schools, classrooms and homes.

Conclusion: There are many different types of Specific Learning disorders, and each one can have a large impact on your lifestyle. If you or someone close to you is suffering from any type of learning disorder, talk with our doctors today for more information about treatment options that will help get them back on their feet sooner rather than later!

Remember that there’s no typical symptom list for Specific Learning Disorders because everyone experiences it differently–so don’t be afraid to reach out if something doesn’t seem right.

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