Difference between dementia and alzheimer’s

If you are a caregiver, it is important to know the difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s. It can be difficult to spot the differences at first but there are some key differences that will help you understand how these diseases affect your loved one. Alzheimer’s is more progressive than dementia with gradual memory loss, language difficulties and problems with reasoning and judgement. Dementia also causes memory loss but in addition they may experience mood disorders such as depression or anxiety, behavioral changes like agitation or aggression and hallucinations. Knowing what each disease does will allow you to provide better care for your loved one!

 What is the difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s?

According to the Alzheimer’s Association, “dementia is a broad term encompassing many different striking changes in all aspects of a person’s being, while Alzheimer’s disease is one specific cause of dementia. Dementia can refer to a decline in cognitive function specifically due to general health problems or diseases such as Parkinson’s disease.” And Alzheimer’s? “Alzheimer’s disease progresses gradually and always leads to death,” according to the Mayo Clinic.


One of the most common questions people ask when they are told that a relative has been diagnosed with dementia is “What exactly does this mean?” Dementia is actually a group of symptoms that are caused by damage to nerve cells in the brain.

Dementia literally means “without mind” which makes sense because when someone has dementia they are not able to think clearly.

How Does Memory Work?

Each time we remember an event or experience from our past, we actually create a new memory which will eventually replace the old one–the one we’re replacing it with becomes less accessible and more difficult for us (or anyone) to recall.

Which is worse to have dementia or Alzheimer’s

Dementia is worse because it’s a condition with no cure, there is only medication to make it more manageable. Alzheimer’s can be treated but not curable.

 Many people are in the dark when it comes to understanding the difference between Alzheimer’s and dementia which isn’t too surprising considering that these two conditions are often used interchangeably. Both of these diseases affect one’s ability to think, remember things, communicate verbally or in writing, have patience for others’ needs, care about anything other than themselves, carry out routine tasks at home or at work- all of which gradually worsen over time. Yet while Alzheimer’s most likely starts before 60years old and worsens fairly quickly inducing behavioural changes in most people by age 65 years; dementia can affect people in their 30s or 40s, but its symptoms are less dramatic.

Dementia is a general term for memory loss and other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life. It should only be used when the cause cannot be identified after testing for Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders have been ruled out by your doctor.

Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills.

 How can you tell if someone has dementia or Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s changes the brain cells and makes it hard for them to communicate with one another. Dementia, on the other hand, takes over various parts of the brain and can affect memory, movement, perception – sometimes all at once or one set of symptoms then another.

One cause is that patients with dementia do not sleep as well as those without it. And we know that a lack of sleep can lead to memory and cognitive problems, trouble concentrating and mood swings – just like in people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.

 What are the  stages of dementia?

The following are the stages of dementia as defined by the World Health Organization:

If a person is in Stage 1, they have minor deficits in memory that would not interfere with day-to-day life.

In Stage 2, there may be mild cognitive problems that can cause someone to struggle with problems at work or school, but it would not make it impossible for them to function independently.

In Stage 3, an individual has moderate symptoms and may need help to maintain their independence.

In Stage 4, severe symptoms make it difficult to function without outside assistance – including dressing themselves properly and doing basic chores – but still could remember events from their lives.

In Stages 5 or 6 Alzheimer’s disease is confirmed through medical examination or brain imaging techniques such as MRI.

In Stage five, the person is unable to carry out simple tasks such as dressing and feeding themselves – but could still manage some activities on their own if provided with a little assistance or reminders about what they need to do.

At stage six, an individual will rely completely on others for all of their daily needs. They have lost most of their memory and are not aware of their surroundings. If you have a loved one with Alzheimer’s, consider this article on how to find the right assisted living facility for your family member.

The stages of dementia all involve some degree of memory loss or cognitive decline that eventually makes it difficult for someone to care for themselves in everyday life situations.

 Can dementia turn to Alzheimer’s?

This is a very common question. There are some types of dementia that can turn into Alzheimer’s, but it is important to understand the distinction between the two. Dementia, by definition, is a decline in mental ability and cognitive function. It will typically show up as memory loss or confusion unrelated to a specific area of injury or illness. Alzeimer’s Disease does not always start with dementia symptoms coming first. To be diagnosed with Alzheimers there must be evidence for deterioration in cognition due to brain damage from neuritic plaques and neuro fribirgnerative tangles.)

Conclusion: What are the key differences between dementia and Alzheimer’s? Dementia is caused by a number of conditions that affect your brain, while Alzheimer’s disease specifically targets the areas in our brains responsible for memory. If you’re not sure which condition your loved one has, contact our doctors today for help. They can provide an accurate diagnosis to get you on the right track with treatment.

Dissociative disorders with it’s symptoms and treatments

Dissociative disorders are one of the most secretive and least understood forms of mental illness. Dissociative disorders are an umbrella term, describing a wide range of conditions in which elements of identity (personal history, name, gender) or sensory awareness (hearing, vision) become separated from the person’s normal sense of self. Dissociation is thought to be one of the main causes of conditions such as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and Dissociative Trance Disorder.

Symptoms of Dissociative disorders

Dissociative symptoms can be tough to spot, as they’re often as vague as symptoms of better-known conditions such as anxiety and depression. Dissociative symptoms include:

– Feeling disconnected from the world around you or your own body

– Having a hard time remembering things that actually happened or familiar things. Dissociation only causes memory problems when it’s severe.

– Having sudden and unexplained changes in your mood or personality, such as going from outgoing to withdrawn in a short amount of time.

– Feeling like you’re observing yourself from outside your body or that things around you aren’t real.

– Finding it hard to focus, concentrate, pay attention and make decisions. This is also associated with problems sleeping.

Types of dissociative disorder

Dissociative identity disorder (DID): This is the only dissociative disorder recognized by mental health professionals. DID involves having at least two distinct personalities or identities, each with its own pattern of perceiving, relating to and thinking about the environment and self.

– Dissociative amnesia: This involves losing memory for personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature. This is very common in cases of childhood sexual abuse, where the child becomes “stuck” at the age they were when first subjected to sexual abuse.

– Depersonalization disorder:  This involves feeling like you’re observing yourself from outside your body, “on autopilot” or in a dream.

– Derealization disorder: This is feeling detached from your surroundings, such as everything around you seems fake or colorless.

– Dissociative fugue: This is the sudden, unexpected and purposeful travel away from home or work, with an inability to recall some of your past.

– Dissociative motor disorders: This involves a loss of voluntary movement and feeling stuck in a particular position, such as sitting down.

– Dissociative trance disorder:  This is characterized by a temporary narrowing or complete loss of awareness of your surroundings, which can take place in everyday events such as driving.

symptoms of Dissociative disorders in children

The first signs of dissociative disorders in children are often school absences, poor grades or disruptive behavior. Other indicators include:

– Refusing to go to school

– Shying away from friends and family members

– Physical complaints such as headaches, stomachaches and fatigue. These can also lead to frequent visits to the nurse’s office

– A sudden personality change, such as becoming more withdrawn or constantly irritable. These children tend to become sad and moody

– Low self-esteem and feelings of shame and guilt

– Sleep problems and nightmares

– Not wanting to talk about a traumatic event that happened in the past; for example, abuse or neglect

– Unexplained medical problems, particularly those related to their respiratory, gastrointestinal or nervous systems.

– Acting as if they have a disability or unexplained bodily sensations

– Saying things like “I’m bad” or “I’m evil”

– Difficulty concentrating and learning in school

Risk factors of dissociative disorders

Though a dissociative disorder can develop at any age, most start during the teenage years. It’s more likely to occur in people who’ve experienced physical or sexual abuse early in life, though it often occurs without a history of trauma. People with mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety also have an increased risk of developing a dissociative disorder.

– History of abuse and neglect as a child

– Sexual or physical abuse, emotional neglect or other traumatic event in childhood

– Significant stress during childhood, such as the death of a parent or other loved one, divorce or moving away from home

– Witnessing or experiencing intense violence as an adult

Individuals who have been subjected to physical or sexual abuse as children are frequently victims of dissociative identity disorder.

Suicide attempts are common with individuals having DID and is more than 20 times the rate of that in the general population.

Though rarely diagnosed in children, dissociative disorders can result due to exposure to traumatic events such as:

– Life-threatening injury in a child – Learning about a serious illness or death of someone close in a child

– Witnessing physical and sexual abuse in a child

– Witnessing domestic violence between one of their parents and another adult

– Regularly being subjected to criticism, blame, excessive demands or hostility without cause in a child

– Having parents involved in substance abuse or with mental health problems

An estimated two thirds of children who have been diagnosed with dissociative disorders will be victims of maltreatment.

Dissociative disorders Treatments

Many patients are successful in addressing the major symptoms of DID and improving their capacity to function with appropriate therapy. Generally the treatment involves psychotherapy. When dissociation is severe and longstanding, success with traditional psychoanalysis may be limited. While supporting the patient in linking traumatic events with current pain and problems, hypnosis, or a similar technique called guided imagery, is often used to access and then allow expression of the dissociated identities and their functions.

Risk factors of dissociative disorders

– Medications

– Dissociative disorders are often treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication. Antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and antipsychotics may help reduce some of the dissociative symptoms such as mood swings, stress and anxiety.

– Hypnosis

An alternative technique called hypnosis is sometimes used to give patients direct and immediate access to memories of trauma.

– Psychotherapy

– Dissociative disorders are typically treated with a type of therapy known as “psychodynamic psychotherapy.” In this form of treatment, the patient discusses early life experiences and relationships with the goal of understanding how they contribute to current problems. The therapist uses techniques such as hypnosis and age regression to help the patient recall forgotten memories of trauma, so they can be processed with less anxiety.

– Group therapy

– A type of psychotherapy called group therapy has been found to help some people who suffer from dissociative disorders. In this form of treatment, patients meet in a group and discuss their thoughts and feelings about their disorder and how it impacts them. This helps people learn from others as well as to better understand their illness.

– Other treatment options

– In rare cases, a psychiatrist may recommend electroconvulsive treatment (ECT). ECT can be effective for those who have severe depression, mood swings or anxiety that has not been helped by other treatments.

– Treatment resistance

When dissociative identity disorder does not respond to treatment, it is sometimes referred to as “treatment resistant”. In such cases, a specific treatment plan for this type of patient may need to be developed. A team of mental health professionals and the patient’s primary care physician play important roles in developing such a treatment plan.

Three phases of treatment are generally used for dissociative identity disorder. These three phases include:

1) stabilization, 2) trauma-focused therapy, and 3) integration.

Conclusion: Dissociative disorders are a complex, but treatable form of mental illness. If you or someone you know is suffering from this condition, don’t hesitate to contact our doctors today for help. We can provide treatment options that will best suit your needs and circumstances.Dissociative disorders

Effective ways to fight stigma

Effective ways to fight stigma

Effective ways to fight Stigma is defined as the social disapproval of particular conditions or behaviors for reasons that include but aren’t limited to: the person who has the stigma, associated behaviors and cultural ideologies.

This can include discrimination and prejudice that may evoke shame and guilt.

Stigma gives people reason to judge others, which we feel is more than just opinion — it’s based on stigma. We wanted to share some of our knowledge on stigma with you because you’re all important to us.

Stigma is something that has been around forever and it’s not going away anytime soon — we want to ensure we’re doing everything we can to fight stigma and its effects on those living with mental illness and substance use disorders.

Stigma and discrimination come in many different forms and it’s important to recognize stigma when we see it. [What stigma looks like: examples such as media, stereotypes, stigma associated with mental illness (like depression), stigma surrounding substance use.]

It can be seen in the way people talk about mental illness and substance use disorder — using stigmatizing language is hurtful, demeaning, and discouraging.

Ways to Fight Mental Health Stigma
sad woman profile in dark head is put down, stressed young girl touching head and thinkingsad woman profile in dark head is put down, stressed young girl touching head and thinking

Personal accounts have been used by a number of mental health awareness organizations and others to raise public awareness and convey messages of optimism to persons suffering from mental illnesses. These often include dramatic accounts of patients’ experiences with mental illness. Lending “voice” to these accounts encourages others to talk about themselves and their own struggles, which furthers the anti-stigma message.

an effective type of message identified by research is the antidotal, in which the individual’s story emphasizes how he or she overcame adversity, for example.

We believe it’s essential to provide education about what mental health is and what mental illness does not do. While we can’t say anything for certain, there are a few things that have been talked about in the media that have lead us to think of a few effective ways to fight stigma:

There are many things that we can do to fight stigma, such as reaching out when mental illness or substance use disorder is relevant in the news and ensuring anyone in a crisis knows they are not alone.

Stigma can also be fought through everyday conversation with friends and family, saying that you’re there for them, providing someone suffering from mental illness or substance use disorder a place to stay when they need it, making sure you recognize the signs of mental health concerns in yourself or others.

We want to encourage everyone to take a look at how stigma may affect them so they can take the appropriate steps to fight against it. We want you all to know that we care about you and your mental health!

If you or someone you know is suffering from a mental illness, please contact our doctors today.


Autism vs adhd [Everything you should know]

Autism vs adhd Everything you should know

Today, an estimated one in every 110 children in the United States is diagnosed with autism. That’s a 78% increase since 2002.

There are no known single or simple cause for needing autism treatment , but there are factors that seem to increase the risk of having autism spectrum disorder (ASD), among them advanced parental age at time of conception, having twins or other multiples, and maternal illness during pregnancy.

However, autism is not considered a “rare” disorder by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) despite the sharp increase in autism rates to about 1% of children in recent years.

Despite its commonness, many people don’t even know what autism is.

Some think that autism is a form of mental retardation, but actually it’s the opposite; autistic people tend to have normal or even high intelligence while having difficulty understanding and relating to other people.

Instead, autism treatment focuses on helping an autistic child understand his emotions and communicate with others in socially acceptable ways.

Autism vs adhd.

The two are distinct diseases, despite having many of the same symptoms.

autism is a neurological disorder that hinders social interaction and communication skills in young children. It is usually recognized by the age of three. Autism’s root cause has yet to be determined, but researchers suspect an abnormality in the brain’s frontal lobe`s connection. This can be shown through a multitude of symptoms, such as lack of social cues and delayed speech development.

On the other hand, adhd is a developmental disorder that hinders a person’s ability to concentrate or control impulses at a young age. Despite being closely related to autism, adhd can be detected at a much earlier age. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, hyperactivity and impulsivity become evident as early as toddler-hood. The key difference between the two is that children with adhd may not necessarily lack social skills.

They often have trouble living normal lives in society because of their condition.

Although both diseases carry the same symptoms, they are not interchangeable. The two must be treated independently and vary in severity from one individual to another. Exact statistics on how many people have either disease is nonexistent because of their newness and how they can go undiagnosed for years at a time. However, research is advancing exponentially.

Is adhd a form of autism?

ADHD is not a form of Autism. They are two completely different disorders.

Autism is a developmental disability that impairs the social and communicative skills of an individual.

ADHD mainly affects the person’s ability to focus or pay attention, it doesn’t have any effect on their social or communicative abilities.

Autism hyperactivity.

Hyperactivity is associated with attention deficit in many children with autism.

In people with autism, hyperactivity is a common behavior that is difficult to control. Hyperactivity in children may be caused by genetic abnormalities. People with autism are unable to control the impulses in their brain, so they act out. This can be extremely disruptive to family life, causing problems for teachers at school and friendships are also affected.

Core features of autism include impairments in social interaction, communication difficulties, and restricted or repetitive behavior.

autism and adhd in adults.

Both autism and adhd usually continue to affect people as they grow older, but in different ways.

How do they manifest?

Autistic adults may become aware that their social behaviour is not like that of most other people by the time they are teenagers, or may not realise it fully until adulthood. This can cause anxiety and depression which can lead to behavioural problems, or they may start to develop obsessive compulsive symptoms.

Adhd adults often become aware of their adhd when they are teenagers, so might find it difficult at school. They may also have developed coping strategies for dealing with the symptoms by this time, but these can be gradually undermined if they move into an adult world where they are not needed or rewarded. Without these coping strategies, adhd symptoms can become more apparent. Many people with adhd find that hyperfocus becomes less effective as an adult and they may need to use different coping strategies at this point (see separate article on hyperfocus).

Some autistic adults focus on special interests and develop into socially isolated ‘serial specialists’. They may be able to recall a substantial amount of accurate information about their special interest, but not be able to generalise this knowledge outside that area.

Some adhd adults become aware in adulthood that they have a problem which is different from the one they were diagnosed with as children; for example, some people who were diagnosed with adhd at school may discover that they have inattentive adhd when they are adults, and struggle to focus on organising their lives.

Can autism be mistaken for ADHD?

Yes, most of the times autism can cause inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity leading to diagnoses of ADHD.

However an important fact is that adhd is not present in all cases with autism spectrum disorder (asd) and autism is not present in all cases with ADHD.

There’s not a clear answer why ADHD and autism co-occur so high, but there might be certain common neural and genetic factors for the conditions to share some symptoms together.

The age at which adhd is diagnosed can also influence if autism is mistaken for adhd: when autistic children are diagnosed later, they may have already been diagnosed with adhd.

Is ADHD a form of retardation?

No. ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and not attention deficit retardation.

Some people with adhd may have a hard time doing planning, can be a bit slow with some things, may require extensive directions and might need to repeat instructions.

But that does not mean they are retarded or have a lower intelligence.

Actually in the early 20th century it was believed that children who had adhd were intellectually inferior to their peers. This has been shown wrong when researchers found that children with adhd scored equal or even better than the average child in IQ tests.

Conclusion: No one knows for sure what causes autism, but doctors have some ideas. Many of the risk factors are related to a mother’s health during pregnancy and her age at time of conception. If you’re considering starting a family or if your child is already affected by ASD, it’s important to know that there are treatments available. Contact our team of experts today to learn more about how we can help!

Gambling disorder with it’s diagnosis and treatments

Gambling disorder is a behavioral addiction that develops when someone can’t stop playing games of chance. Gambling addiction, also known as compulsive gambling, has many similarities to other types of addictive behaviors like drug and alcohol abuse.

Gambling disorder affects both the individual and their loved ones in various ways. The good news is there are treatments available for gambling disorder that address all aspects of this condition including withdrawal symptoms.

People suffering from this disorder find it hard to stop themselves from gambling. It is even harder for them to control the amount they spend on it, leading to more problems within their family and career life.

If you are suffering from this disorder or know someone who might be struggling with it, there are many different treatments available that can help reduce your cravings for gambling activities .


Gambling addicts frequently conceal their behavior, which makes the disorder hard to diagnose. Like other addictions, gambling addiction is characterized by impulsive behavior that can negatively affect both physical and mental health. If you recognize signs in yourself or a loved one of compulsive gambling, it’s important to find help right away before this problem gets worse.

 Treatment for gambling disorder.

There are several treatment options available when it comes to gambling disorder. Many of these treatments focus on helping people manage their behavior and learn new ways to cope with the stressors in life that may be leading them toward compulsive behaviors like gambling addiction. There is no single best way for everyone, but there are many evidence-based therapies shown to be effective at treating gambling disorders.

Some of these treatments include: cognitive behavior therapy, motivational interviewing, family support groups and medication to help with withdrawal symptoms are just a few examples. There are also many self-help resources available online or in books that can be used as tools for recovery from compulsive gambling addiction.

Cognitive behavior therapy

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a structured and directive type of counseling that helps patients understand the relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviors. CBT teaches individuals to recognize unhelpful or inaccurate patterns in their thinking so they can change them toward more helpful ones.

This type of treatment for gambling disorder focuses on what people learn from their experiences, the patterns they develop in reaction to specific events, and how their thoughts influence feelings. CBT is often used for both substance abuse addiction and gambling disorder because it helps patients better understand why they continue with these behaviors even when doing so causes problems in other areas of their life.

Motivational interviewing

Motivational interviewing is a type of counseling that helps motivate people to make changes in their lives. This therapy for gambling disorders works best when the patient has some motivation toward change, but not so much that they are unwilling to consider other options. Motivational interviewing focuses on helping patients identify what prevents them from changing and then develop ways around those barriers.

This type of therapy has been shown to help patients struggling with gambling disorder because it focuses on building motivation for change rather than criticizing the person’s behavior or past actions.

Family support groups

Family support groups are a type of counseling that helps loved ones learn what they can do to help the person with gambling disorder. While this therapy for gambling disorder is often offered in treatment, it’s also available as an ongoing resource for families who want to understand how best to offer their support. Family members and friends may be able to spot things about the person that others can’t see, and these groups offer a safe place to share observations about the individual struggling with gambling disorder.

Self help and medication.

There are also many self-help resources available online or in books that can be used as tools for recovery from compulsive gambling addiction. Sometimes, medications may help reduce withdrawal symptoms and manage cravings to gamble. Talk to your doctor if you’re struggling with these types of behaviors so they can offer advice on what might work best for you.

What you should do if a family member is suffering from this disorder.

 If you suspect a family member is suffering from compulsive gambling disorder, it’s important to be supportive and offer them help. The most important thing you can do when talking to someone about this issue is listen without judging or trying to come up with possible solutions for the person struggling with this type of addiction.

Try not to get involved in arguments about their behavior or blame them for how they feel. It can also be helpful to express your concern in a way that doesn’t make the person with gambling disorder feel like you’re saying “I told you so” when things get worse instead of better.

What should I avoid doing if someone is suffering from this addiction?

If possible, it’s best not to get involved in any type of argument about the person’s behavior. It can also be helpful for family members and friends to avoid trying to control or change someone struggling with compulsive gambling disorder because this only makes the situation worse. Instead, express your concern but remain supportive even when things seem hopeless.

Motivational interviewing

Conclusion: If you’ve found yourself in a situation where your gambling addiction has taken over and it’s negatively impacting your life, we’re here to help. We have experts on staff who specialize in this field of study and offer the latest treatments for compulsive gamblers including withdrawal management.

Our doctors are ready to answer any questions about our treatment programs or how they work so don’t hesitate–contact us today!

Gender dysphoria with its symptoms and treatments

Gender dysphoria is an intense and persistent feeling of distress about one’s gender. Gender dysphoria can cause a person to question their assigned sex, which may lead them to identify as transgender. Gender dysphoria has many symptoms that affect mental health and well-being, such as depression and anxiety.

There are treatments available for those with gender dysphoria including counseling, hormone therapy, and surgery (if desired). Here we will discuss the signs of this disorder as well as different treatment options that might be helpful in alleviating some of the discomfort associated with it.

Transgender individuals may have a variety of goals in regard to gender affirmation, ranging from interpersonal relationships to societal status. Gender affirmation is achieved through the use of personal appearance, social interactions, medical procedures and legal actions.

Gender dysphoria can result in anxiety or depression for someone who desires to be transgender but does not want to pursue hormone therapy or surgery. Often time’s individuals are able to get by with minor changes such as clothing choices until they feel comfortable enough to transition.

It is critical not to confuse gender identity with gender expression. Gender expression is the presentation of oneself to others, often through mannerisms or physical characteristics.

Gender identity is someone’s sense of their own gender and how it aligns with one’ birth sex. There are some who state that they have dysphoria but do not want any treatment because they don’t fit into either category; in these cases it could be considered a sexual identity crisis or conflict.

Symptoms of gender dysphoria

Symptoms of gender dysphoria can vary greatly depending on the individual, but there are some common signs to look for in someone who may have this disorder. Some classic symptoms include depression, anxiety, social withdrawal and suicidal thoughts. One should also be aware that adolescents with gender dysphoria often display psychological problems such as mood disorders, self-harm and other forms of acting out behavior.

The distress felt by individuals with gender dysphoria can reach the point where they feel like they cannot go on any longer; it is important to recognize these signs before life becomes too unbearable for them. Treatment should be sought as soon as possible in order to prevent serious damage or even death.

The DSM-5 describes gender dysphoria in children as a significant mismatch between one’s feelings and the gender assigned at birth. The DSM-IV required that a child be persistently uncomfortable with his or her gender and exclude other mental health issues in order to diagnose this condition. The latest version of the manual, however, no longer requires children to express any discomfort and instead focuses on their feelings about what they see as their true selves.

Treatments of gender dysphoria

There are many treatment options available for those who suffer from gender dysphoria, each with their own benefits and risks associated with it. Some may choose to live as the opposite sex in order to alleviate some of the distress they feel about their sexual identity. In this case hormone therapy is often used as part of a strategy called “real life experience”, in which the individual lives as their true gender for a certain amount of time before surgery.

Patients are required to live as their true gender for a period of time in order to see if surgery will be effective.

Counseling is often recommended for those who have gender dysphoria and it can help them cope with some difficult emotions, such as anger or depression. Individuals may also find relief from the discomfort they feel when taking hormones that match their true gender. Some of the side effects associated with hormones include hot flashes, mood swings and weight gain; these can be alleviated to some extent by hormone blockers that inhibit testosterone or estrogen production.

It is important for people who are transgender to find a therapist they feel comfortable talking too about their feelings surrounding their sexual identity. The first step in treatment is to find a good therapist and begin the psychological work needed in order to better understand their own thoughts and emotions.

The two major treatment options for those who have gender dysphoria are hormone therapy or sexual reassignment surgery, but some may choose not pursue either of these paths. Some people do not feel as though they should change anything about themselves, while others would like to physically transition but are unable due to financial limitations.

Hormone therapy  and sexual reassignment surgery

People with gender dysphoria who seek treatment may be able to alleviate some of their distress by using hormone therapy or undergoing a sex change operation. Not everyone is interested in going through these procedures, however, which can also help them better understand themselves and how they feel about the opposite biological sex. Some people simply do not want to change their bodies and prefer to live as the gender they feel most comfortable in.

Challenges and complications associated

with hormone therapy.

Gender dysphoria can be a very difficult condition to live with and there are many challenges that people must face in order to treat it effectively. Some individuals may not like the way their body looks or feel as though they were meant to be born into another gender; others might want treatment but do not have access due to financial reasons.

Even after undergoing hormone therapy or sexual reassignment surgery, many people who are transgender still struggle with feelings of dysphoria and may experience psychological distress even though they have changed their physical appearance. There can be significant social stigma surrounding gender dysphoria that makes it difficult for some to find the help they need in order to cope with these kinds of emotions.

People with gender dysphoria may want to undergo hormone therapy or sexual reassignment surgery, but this is not always an option due to financial limitations or other factors that might prevent them from making these kinds of changes. Even after undergoing treatment for their condition they are likely to experience psychological distress surrounding it because there can be significant social stigma attached to gender dysphoria.

Some of the most common side effects associated with hormone therapy include hot flashes, mood swings and weight gain; these can be alleviated to some extent by taking hormones that block testosterone or estrogen production.

Conclusion: If you are struggling with gender dysphoria, it is important to speak with your doctor. There are many treatments available for this disorder including counseling, hormone therapy, and surgery (if desired).

To learn more about how our doctors can help you or someone who may be experiencing symptoms of gender dysphoria please contact us today.

Hoarding disorder With its symptoms and treatments

Hoarding disorder has been around for centuries. Hoarding is a mental health condition that causes an individual to accumulate items in their home to excess, and they may even have trouble throwing away any of the items.

Hoarders often face many challenges related to this disorder including difficulty organizing their home, acquiring new possessions, and maintaining relationships with others due to clutter. This blog post will discuss hoarding symptoms, treatments, how it effects children living at home.

The overall incidence of hoarding disorder is about 2.6%. Hoarding disorder is more common in older adults. Hoarders are often well aware that their behavior causes problems, but they still have difficulty getting rid of items because parting with them produces too much anxiety for the hoarder to handle. Some people who suffer from hoarding disorder also face depression or other mental illnesses such as OCD or ADHD which can make treatment more complicated. Hoarders often feel a strong sense of responsibility to take care of the items they hoard, but this obligation makes it difficult for the person to discard their possessions.

Children who live with someone that has hoarding disorder can have a very hard time living in such an environment due to all the clutter and filth caused by so much stuff. Parents with this disorder often face difficulties disciplining their children because they do not want to part with any of the items that may be required for punishment, which can lead to an unhealthy parent-child relationship.


Hoarding may harm relationships with others to the point where it may be difficult for an individual with this disorder to sustain friendships.

Hoarding can also cause issues at work if too much clutter causes a person’s workspace or office to become unusable in any way, shape, or form which leads them to lose their job due to being unable perform necessary tasks required by the company.


There are no tests to diagnose a patient with hoarding disorder; however, there are specific criteria that must be met in order for the individual to receive this diagnosis.

Hoarding is often diagnosed using an interview or questionnaire where mental health professionals ask questions about how much difficulty the person has throwing away items and why they haven’t been able to do so.

Hoarding can also be diagnosed using a mental health survey that evaluates the person’s level of hoarding behavior, including how many items they have and why they haven’t disposed of them yet.


symptoms include:

– difficulty getting rid of items and acquiring new ones because it causes too much anxiety

– trouble organizing possessions, which often leads to piles or stacks of clutter everywhere in the home causing an obstacle for walking through rooms.  This may cause some people to develop health issues such as asthma from breathing in dust particles or other harmful materials that could be present in the home.

– acquiring items that may not be needed or for which there is no space to store them, causing clutter and disorganization throughout the house.

– feeling a strong sense of responsibility to take care of many things that most people would find unnecessary such as newspapers from years past or broken appliances with missing pieces rendering them useless.

– hoarding causes severe distress or problems in one’s daily life, such as being unable to cook dinner because of an overabundance of items that are cluttering the kitchen, causing the oven and stove top to be unusable.

Causes and risk factors

We don’t know what causes this condition, but it is likely that heredity plays a role, as the risk of developing hoarding disorder increases if other family members have this condition.

Hoarding behavior can also be caused by brain injuries or damage to specific regions in the brain which are associated with decision making and reasoning abilities.

There may also be environmental factors that contribute to the onset of hoarding disorder including the environment in which a child grows up. For example, if children are exposed to an overabundance of items at home because their parents hoard too much stuff, then they may develop this condition themselves when they become adults.

Example: Hoarders often feel a strong sense of responsibility to take care of many things that most people would find unnecessary.

These items can cause a lot of clutter and disorganization throughout the house which often leads to piles or stacks of clutter everywhere in the home causing an obstacle for walking through rooms. This may cause some people to develop health issues such as asthma from breathing in dust particles or other harmful materials that could be present in the home.

Hoarding can also cause issues at work if too much clutter causes a person’s workspace or office to become unusable in any way, shape, or form which leads them to lose their job due to being unable perform necessary tasks required by the company.

Hoarding disorder With its symptoms


Treatment for this disorder includes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), medication, or both as treatment options. CBT is often the preferred treatment option for this disorder because it does not have the same side effects that medication can.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy focuses on changing a person’s thoughts and beliefs about themselves, their possessions, or anything else that might cause them to hoard items excessively. A therapist can use this treatment option to help a person identify why they are hoarding and help them understand how their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors impact each other.

A therapist will work with the person to come up with specific goals for themselves such as donating items that don’t bring joy or giving things away to charity rather than keeping it all for themselves which can help the person feel better about their home and work space.

The therapist will also teach a patient different strategies to change how they think about their possessions or things that are no longer useful in order for them to be able to part with items without feeling guilty or anxious. They may also use cognitive restructuring techniques where they ask why or how a person feels about themselves or their items which can help them to understand the value of why they are holding onto things that no longer have purpose.


Medication is often prescribed when CBT alone has failed to help the patient recover from this disorder.

There are three different types of medication used to treat this disorder: antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications and psychostimulants.

Antidepressants work by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain which can help a person feel less anxious about letting go of items that they may not need anymore or it could cause someone with OCD to stop thinking about items or objects that they feel the need to hoard.

Anti Anxiety medications work by blocking a chemical in our brain called GABA which helps us not be as stressed out when we think about letting go of things that are no longer useful and it can help people with this condition reduce their anxiety around getting rid of these unnecessary possessions.

Psychostimulants work similarly to antianxiety medications by blocking GABA and making it easier for people with this disorder to let go of things that they may not need anymore.

We want to help. If you’re reading this and struggle with hoarding, we know what it’s like and that there is hope for a better life. Our team of doctors are ready and waiting to provide treatment plans tailored specifically for your needs or those of your loved one who may be struggling with the disorder. Contact us today if you need assistance getting started on the path towards recovery!

Intellectual disability with its | symptoms and treatments

Intellectual disability is a condition that affects the mental ability to learn, reason and solve problems. Intellectual disability can affect anyone at any time in their lives. Intellectual disabilities are mainly caused by genetics or brain injury which changes how the brain works.

Intellectual disability can be treated with medication for things like depression, anxiety, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Intellectual disability can be treated by a special diet, doing physical exercise and taking vitamin supplements. Intellectual disabilities are diagnosed after an assessment of the child’s behavior compared to other children of their own age which determines if they have learning disorders or other developmental problems. It may also appear as a result from environmental factors such as prenatal exposure to alcohol and malnutrition during pregnancy.


Intellectual disabilities are diagnosed after an assessment of the child’s behavior compared to other children of their own age which determines if they have learning disorders or other developmental problems. It may also appear as a result from environmental factors such as prenatal exposure to alcohol and malnutrition during pregnancy.

An evaluation by a physician is used to assess intellectual functioning. If a child is believed to have an intellectual disability, the parents and teachers may also participate in testing. Specialists who can help diagnose this condition include developmental pediatrics, pediatricians, clinical geneticists or medical geneticists.

The following are the three adaptive capabilities that will be assessed during the evaluation:

  1. conceptual: the child’s ability to understand and apply information from the environment
  2. social: the child’s ability to use learned interpersonal skills in social situations;
  3. practical: the child’s ability to complete tasks at home and within their community.

A diagnosis of intellectual disability does not mean that a person has a more severe type of a disorder such as autism or cerebral palsy. However, it is possible for a person to have an intellectual disability and these disorders at the same time.


Intellectual disabilities are mainly caused by genetics or brain injury which changes how the brain works.

Researchers have found that genetic factors and abnormalities in some genes can play a role, as well as environmental factors such as prenatal exposure to alcohol and malnutrition during pregnancy.

In most cases of intellectual disability the cause is unknown. While both parents may carry a genetic mutation, the sibling of a child with an intellectual disability is not necessarily intellectually disabled. More than two-thirds of cases are believed to be caused by random mutations that occurred in either sperm or egg cells and were therefore present in the fertilized egg.

Genetic causes include:

Down syndrome (trisomy 21) – extra chromosome 21

Fragile X syndrome – a mutation of the FMR-protein gene on chromosome X, which is responsible for protein production in brain cells. Symptoms appear around age three to six years and may include: stuttering, lack of coordination skills or social withdrawal.

Rett syndrome – A genetic disorder that almost exclusively affects girls, causing a regression in development, such as loss of language and hand skills.

Neural tube defects – birth defect that involves incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord or their coverings; caused by deficiency or absence of folic acid during pregnancy

Cri Du Chat syndrome (chromosome deletion) – rare disorder characterized by an abnormality in the short arm of chromosome five. Symptoms include: high-pitched cry, seizures and intellectual disability


The most effective treatment for intellectual disabilities is early intervention, which focuses on maximizing the person’s capabilities. Special education programs may be needed to help with schoolwork and other activities in life. For children under five, parents need to focus on creating an environment that will stimulate their child’s development including playing games or singing songs together at home.


It can be treated with medication for things like depression, anxiety, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Intellectual disabilities are diagnosed after an assessment of the child’s behavior compared to others children of their own age which determines if they have learning disorders or other developmental problems.

Many types of supports can also help, which include:

  • social skills training
  • individual counseling
  • supportive classes

Additionally, supports can come from family members, such as:

  • learning about their condition
  • how they express themselves and learn best, such as what can help them concentrate on certain tasks.

The next step is to determine the child’s needs and create a plan that will address those specific needs with measurable goals. A medical care team of doctors, nurses, educators and therapists may also be needed.

Some helpful ideas for adults include:

  • developing a routine and sticking to it, such as making sure they get up at the same time every morning or go out with friends regularly; which will help them feel more independent
  • staying active by doing things like walking around their neighborhood after dinner instead of sitting in front of the TV
  • finding a job that they are interested in, but making sure to keep it challenging and not too difficult for them because their intelligence levels can vary greatly. It is also important to find work that has good benefits like health insurance
  • learning about the world around them through classes or volunteering at local charities which will help improve self-esteem
  • learning how to advocate for themselves and communicate with others, such as knowing when it is appropriate to ask someone else for help

People who have an intellectual disability can live happy lives. It may take longer than average to complete daily tasks or achieve certain milestones, but they can still do so successfully by using the right supports and having a positive attitude.

Related conditions

People with intellectual disabilities are three to ten times more likely to have a mental disorder compared to those who do not have an ID.

In addition, people suffering from depression and anxiety disorders tend to be diagnosed at a younger age than others without an intellectual disability because they may struggle communicating their feelings or problems in social situations. However, this does not mean that people with an intellectual disability cannot be diagnosed for these types of disorders.

In the United States, it is estimated that up to 90% have co-occurring mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety and ADHD along with their ID. In fact, ADHD occurs in children at a rate of about 50% compared to only 30 percent in children without an intellectual disability.

People diagnosed with schizophrenia are also more likely to have an ID than the general population because it is often difficult for them to cope in a regular classroom or find and maintain a job that will provide financial stability. In addition, they may not be able to take care of themselves well enough to avoid homelessness which can lead to mental health issues.

Additionally, people with an intellectual disability are twice as likely to be victims of violence and sexual assault than those without such disabilities because they may not understand appropriate boundaries or know how to ask for help when needed.

Conclusion: This blog has given you a brief overview of intellectual disability. We hope this information is helpful to you and your loved one’s who may have an intellectual disability. For more information on how the symptoms are treated, please contact our doctors for help!

What is Down Syndrome?

What is Down Syndrome?

The term Down Syndrome is used to describe a group of disorders that are caused by the presence of an extra chromosome. Chromosome 21, which contains 2,000 genes and plays a critical role in brain development, is found in three copies instead of two in individuals with Down Syndrome. It’s important to note that not all people who have Syndrome will have Alzheimer’s disease or dementia—however it is more common than the general population.

Down’s syndrome is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, intellectual disability, and developmental delays. It might be linked to thyroid or cardiac disease.

Early intervention programs, which include a group of specialists and special educators who can address the particular needs of each kid, are beneficial in managing Down’s syndrome.

 Down syndrome and Alzheimer’s.

Down syndrome is not caused by Alzheimer’s disease, but the two are related because both result from an extra copy of chromosome 21. This can be confusing to people who think that Down Syndrome and Alzheimer’s Disease are the same thing; however they’re not. People with Down Syndrome will often develop dementia or other forms of cognitive impairment as they get older, but these are not the same as Alzheimer’s disease.

Which condition do older adults with down syndrome tend to develop? Someone who has Down syndrome may also have Alzheimer’s disease, but the age of onset for these two conditions is different. A person with Down syndrome could be diagnosed at a younger age than someone suffering from AD because they live longer.

The risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease is about the same for persons with Down syndrome as it is in the general population. According to the National Down Syndrome Society, around 30% of people with Down syndrome who are age 50 develop Alzheimer’s dementia.

 Down syndrome clinical features

How common is dementia? The symptoms of Down Syndrome and Alzheimer’s Disease can be similar. A person with either condition may have trouble performing tasks such as dressing or eating; however someone with Down Syndrome might also experience delayed speech development and motor skills.

The clinical features and those of Alzheimer’s Disease share similarities. A person with either condition could have difficulty performing tasks such as dressing or eating. However, someone with Down Syndrome might experience delayed speech development and motor skills issues in addition to the other challenges associated with this condition (i.e., hypotonia), while someone suffering from AD may not. To make things even more confusing, individuals suffering from Down syndrome could also develop AD later on in life; these two conditions can exist at the same time because both involve an extra copy of chromosome 21.

Down syndrome and Alzheimer

 Age of onset for down syndrome

Unfortunately, the age of onset is much earlier than that of Alzheimer’s Disease; however it varies greatly between individuals. The average life expectancy after birth was only 25 years in 1900 (50% chance to live until 20) and now babies born today with Down Syndrome can often expect to live into their 60’s.

People with Down Syndrome can develop Alzheimer’s disease at any age, but it typically occurs much earlier than in the general population (typically around 40 years vs 65 or later). This is because individuals with an extra copy of chromosome 21 where genes related to dementia are located, so they experience accelerated aging. On average, they can expect to live into their 60s or later.

Conclusion: If you or someone in your family is dealing with the effects of it’s important to understand what this disorder entails. The challenges associated with having a third copy of chromosome 21 can vary from person to person but there are ways to mitigate these effects and improve quality of life for those living with this condition. Speak to our doctors today about how they can help!

Mental health

Mental health

Mental health is a mental state of well-being, characterized by good mental health. The World Health Organization states that mental health includes “subjective well being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence and intergenerational dependence”.

In general mental illness or mental disorder is either a current emotional or mental episode that impairs normal mental functioning, or a habitual tendency or state of mind such as depression or anxiety that is currently not associated with any particular mental event.

The mental health spectrum consists of mental illnesses and disorders ranging from mild conditions to mental retardation, mental disability and severe mental illness. Many mental health problems have a biological basis – including neural, genetic, hormonal and immunological factors – though environmental and psychological factors also play a role.

Treatments for mental health problems


of, relating to, or associated with the nerves; neurophysiological

hormonal: (of a bodily organ or gland) producing and secreting a substance such as hormones that has effects on other organs

immunological: of or relating to immunology; concerned with the study of immune responses

environmental: occurring in an environment or throughout a given environment

psychological: of or relating to the mental processes, as perception, memory, reasoning, and emotion; clinically significant behavioral disturbance manifested in perceptible deterioration from premorbid levels of functioning; any of several psychiatric syndromes usually characterized by their symptoms and course and typically associated with particular traumas (such as the inability to walk or speak after a stroke)

mild: not severe in degree or intensity; moderate

in conjunction with: in close association, contact, or connection with something else that is also being mentioned.

Take into account that mental health can curve up and down throughout one’s life. Having said that, it is important to note mental illness as a spectrum as well. In fact, it can be divided up into three main groups. The first is mild forms of mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. Second are moderate forms which may include psychosis or panic attacks.

Lastly, severe psychiatric disorders with symptoms that have a very negative impact on a person’s life. These include schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder and bipolar depression.

The most common mental illness is anxiety disorders, which includes OCD, social anxiety and panic disorder. These can all be characterized as a person focusing on fear more than the present moment of everyday life. In extreme cases it can lead to suicide or having a chronic illness such as asthma. Anxiety is the most common mental illness in North America, Europe and Asia.

Studies have shown that people who experience any of these conditions tend to be more affected when it comes to depression. Depression can come in many forms and is often characterized by general sadness and loss of interest in daily life. It is a mental disorder that can lead to suicide and often occurs alongside other illnesses such as eating disorders, cancer or chronic pain.

Bipolar depression is one of the most severe forms of depression because it includes episodes of both mania and deep depression. In cases where bipolar depression has turned into mania it can be dangerous for both the individual and others.

“Mania is a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and decreased need for sleep that lasts at least one week (or any duration if hospitalization is necessary)”


Mental health is important because it can directly affect your life. With depression or anxiety, it can make you feel like you lack pleasure and motivation to do things that most people take for granted.

The following are five common types of mental health problems:

Anxiety disorders – These involve excessive fear, worrying and feelings of apprehension that are out of proportion to the severity or likelihood of a situation or event. Such feelings can cause physical symptoms such as increased heart rate, dizziness and feeling faint.

Depression – This affects how you feel emotionally, physically and socially. It causes low moods that last for a long time, which can lead to weight changes, changes in sleeping patterns and loss of interest in activities that are usually enjoyed.

Bipolar disorder – Also known as manic depression, this affects your moods. It causes episodes of feeling very high and happy (mania) followed by episodes of depression.

Eating disorders – This includes anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating disorder.

Schizophrenia – This is when someone experiences a loss of contact with reality along with delusions (false beliefs) or hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there).

Treatments for mental health problems

are also an important factor because at times it can be difficult to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

For mild forms of mental health problems, cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT is used. With this type of therapy, patients learn to recognize and correct their faulty thinking about themselves which in turn helps them change their behaviors.

Studies have shown that CBT is one of the most effective treatments when it comes to mental health problems. This is because it helps patients identify the connection between their thoughts, emotions and behaviors. It allows them to understand how these factors can affect each other in different types of situations.

A number of studies have also looked at medication and its effects specifically on depression. Researchers have found that it is most effective when used alongside therapy compared to people who only receive CBT.

However, research has shown that antidepressants aren’t as helpful for treating mild forms of mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. But this doesn’t mean they can’t be beneficial at all. For example, for people with chronic illnesses, it can help reduce feelings of sadness and improve their quality of life.

Medication is effective in treating bipolar depression. This is because the drugs prevent mania by stabilizing the patient’s moods.

Conclusion: Mental health is a critical part of our lives and impacts every aspect from how we feel to the way we work. If you’re feeling down or anxious, contact your doctor for help today! You can also find more information about mental health here on our blog.