What is ADHD | Symptoms and Diagnosis?
ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a neurological disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. ADHD can cause problems with impulse control and attention span which may lead to difficulties in school, work, relationships, and other social situations. Symptoms of ADHD include lack of focus on tasks at hand, impulsive decision-making without considering the consequences first (such as excessive spending), disorganization leading to missed deadlines or forgotten plans
To be diagnosed with ADHD you need to have some symptoms present for more than six months including trouble paying attention/concentration; difficulty organizing tasks; fidgeting with hands or feet when seated; excessively talking out loud; acting without thinking about possible consequences first.
Causes of ADHD
The causes of ADHD have not yet been identified. There is evidence that genetics play a role in the condition. There is some evidence that children born to older parents are more likely to have ADHD. Other risk factors include exposure of the fetus to alcohol or nicotine while in utero, premature birth and low birth weight, head injuries with brain damage during early childhood, developmental problems such as Asperger’s Syndrome , a behavioral disorder related to autism spectrum disorders
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Young children can experience a number of ADHD symptoms, such as excessive activity levels, difficulties staying still for lengthy periods of time, and short attention spans. ADHD symptoms in adults can be harder to diagnose as ADHD manifests itself differently for older children and teens. ADHD often presents with excessive fidgeting, restlessness, impatience, talking excessively without noticing how much other people are speaking or being distracted by external noises such as noise from nearby conversations or sounds coming from outside the room.
ADHD should be diagnosed by a medical professional. It can only be properly identified after physical examinations and lab tests that rule out other disorders or illnesses that could explain ADHD-like behaviors. Once it has been determined through these diagnostic procedures that ADHD may indeed be at the root of your behavior problems, there are many treatment options available to help manage your symptoms.
The inattentive type has six (or five for people over 17 years) or more of the following symptoms: daydreaming excessively, seeming not to listen when spoken to directly, becoming easily distracted by external stimuli such as noises or people moving around you.
People with inattentive type of ADHD commonly have trouble staying focused on a task, following through with instructions and often forget daily tasks such as brushing their teeth or putting the dishes into the dishwasher. They may also be disorganized, missing deadlines at work or school due to being easily distracted by external stimuli.
The hyperactive/impulsive type ADHD
The hyperactive/impulsive type has six (or five for people over 17 years) or more of the following symptoms: fidgeting with hands and feet, leaving seat in situations where remaining seated is expected, excessively running about or climbing in situations where it is not appropriate (such as at a school assembly), talking excessively without knowing when to stop, frequently engaging in “high risk” activities without considering the consequences.
People with hyperactive/impulsive type of ADHD are restless, always on the go and often have trouble taking turns or waiting their turn when playing games or doing other group activities. They may also act impulsively so that they say things out of turn or blurt out answers before questions have been completed to them.
The combined type of ADHD
The combined type has six (or five for people over 17 years) or more of the following symptoms: meeting both sets of criteria above. If you think that you may be suffering from ADHD speak with your doctor to get you diagnosed and make sure that the proper treatment options are available for you.
There is no laboratory test for ADHD. ADHD symptoms must be present in two or more settings for a diagnosis. Symptoms can occur in school, home and at work. People who have ADHD typically experience symptoms that interfere with their daily activities such as sleep problems caused by difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep; being restless – feeling keyed up even after getting enough sleep; an inability to sit still which can affect a child’s or adult’s performance in school, work and social situations.
Symptoms must be present before the age of seven to ten years old for a diagnosis of ADHD at any age. If symptoms first appear when someone is older than twelve years it should not be diagnosed as an adult form of ADHD but rather another disorder that may have similar symptoms.
The list of potential symptoms for ADHD can go on and on, but the important point to take away is that people with this disorder tend not to be able to stop themselves from engaging in certain behaviors or activities even though they know it’s wrong because their brain just doesn’t seem connect properly when thinking about how their actions will impact others.
Treatments of ADHD
Behaviour therapy and drugs may help to treat ADHD symptoms. Most people with moderate or severe ADHD respond better to a combination of behavioural treatment and medication, according to on studies.
Behaviour therapy is a form of treatment that can be used to help children and adults with ADHD. This type of therapy focuses on targeting specific behaviours, such as encouraging your child to sit still or helping you manage time more effectively at work.
The most common drugs used in the US for treating ADHD symptoms include methylphenidate (brand name Ritalin), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), and mixed amphetamine salts (Adderall).
Methylphenidate was first used as a treatment for ADHD in the 1960’s. It is now available under different brand names, including Ritalin, Focalin, Concerta among others.
It can be important to work with a doctor who is experienced in diagnosing and treating ADHD to achieve the best treatment results.
If you think that you or a loved one may have ADHD, get diagnosed and treated so the proper treatment options are available for you. From there, it’s possible to live an extraordinary life with this disorder by knowing what types of things will trigger impulsive behaviours in certain situations.