Mental health is a mental state of well-being, characterized by good mental health. The World Health Organization states that mental health includes “subjective well being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence and intergenerational dependence”.
In general mental illness or mental disorder is either a current emotional or mental episode that impairs normal mental functioning, or a habitual tendency or state of mind such as depression or anxiety that is currently not associated with any particular mental event.
The mental health spectrum consists of mental illnesses and disorders ranging from mild conditions to mental retardation, mental disability and severe mental illness. Many mental health problems have a biological basis – including neural, genetic, hormonal and immunological factors – though environmental and psychological factors also play a role.
of, relating to, or associated with the nerves; neurophysiological
hormonal: (of a bodily organ or gland) producing and secreting a substance such as hormones that has effects on other organs
immunological: of or relating to immunology; concerned with the study of immune responses
environmental: occurring in an environment or throughout a given environment
psychological: of or relating to the mental processes, as perception, memory, reasoning, and emotion; clinically significant behavioral disturbance manifested in perceptible deterioration from premorbid levels of functioning; any of several psychiatric syndromes usually characterized by their symptoms and course and typically associated with particular traumas (such as the inability to walk or speak after a stroke)
mild: not severe in degree or intensity; moderate
in conjunction with: in close association, contact, or connection with something else that is also being mentioned.
Take into account that mental health can curve up and down throughout one’s life. Having said that, it is important to note mental illness as a spectrum as well. In fact, it can be divided up into three main groups. The first is mild forms of mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. Second are moderate forms which may include psychosis or panic attacks.
Lastly, severe psychiatric disorders with symptoms that have a very negative impact on a person’s life. These include schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder and bipolar depression.
The most common mental illness is anxiety disorders, which includes OCD, social anxiety and panic disorder. These can all be characterized as a person focusing on fear more than the present moment of everyday life. In extreme cases it can lead to suicide or having a chronic illness such as asthma. Anxiety is the most common mental illness in North America, Europe and Asia.
Studies have shown that people who experience any of these conditions tend to be more affected when it comes to depression. Depression can come in many forms and is often characterized by general sadness and loss of interest in daily life. It is a mental disorder that can lead to suicide and often occurs alongside other illnesses such as eating disorders, cancer or chronic pain.
Bipolar depression is one of the most severe forms of depression because it includes episodes of both mania and deep depression. In cases where bipolar depression has turned into mania it can be dangerous for both the individual and others.
“Mania is a distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and decreased need for sleep that lasts at least one week (or any duration if hospitalization is necessary)”
Mental health is important because it can directly affect your life. With depression or anxiety, it can make you feel like you lack pleasure and motivation to do things that most people take for granted.
The following are five common types of mental health problems:
Anxiety disorders – These involve excessive fear, worrying and feelings of apprehension that are out of proportion to the severity or likelihood of a situation or event. Such feelings can cause physical symptoms such as increased heart rate, dizziness and feeling faint.
Depression – This affects how you feel emotionally, physically and socially. It causes low moods that last for a long time, which can lead to weight changes, changes in sleeping patterns and loss of interest in activities that are usually enjoyed.
Bipolar disorder – Also known as manic depression, this affects your moods. It causes episodes of feeling very high and happy (mania) followed by episodes of depression.
Eating disorders – This includes anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating disorder.
Schizophrenia – This is when someone experiences a loss of contact with reality along with delusions (false beliefs) or hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there).
Treatments for mental health problems
are also an important factor because at times it can be difficult to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
For mild forms of mental health problems, cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT is used. With this type of therapy, patients learn to recognize and correct their faulty thinking about themselves which in turn helps them change their behaviors.
Studies have shown that CBT is one of the most effective treatments when it comes to mental health problems. This is because it helps patients identify the connection between their thoughts, emotions and behaviors. It allows them to understand how these factors can affect each other in different types of situations.
A number of studies have also looked at medication and its effects specifically on depression. Researchers have found that it is most effective when used alongside therapy compared to people who only receive CBT.
However, research has shown that antidepressants aren’t as helpful for treating mild forms of mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. But this doesn’t mean they can’t be beneficial at all. For example, for people with chronic illnesses, it can help reduce feelings of sadness and improve their quality of life.
Medication is effective in treating bipolar depression. This is because the drugs prevent mania by stabilizing the patient’s moods.
Conclusion: Mental health is a critical part of our lives and impacts every aspect from how we feel to the way we work. If you’re feeling down or anxious, contact your doctor for help today! You can also find more information about mental health here on our blog.