Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD) is a mental disorder where the person has unwanted thoughts and worries, which they feel compelled to repeat. Obsessions can be about anything from violence, religion, health concerns, or cleanliness.
Compulsions are rituals that people do in order to reduce their anxiety. Obsessive-compulsive disorders usually start in childhood but can continue into adulthood as well. This article will tell you everything you need to know about
Some persons who do not have OCD may experience distressing ideas or compulsive actions. But, these thoughts and behaviors do not take over their life. They also don’t pay a lot of time thinking about these ideas or actions or carrying them out. These thoughts and behaviors do not interfere with the activities in the person’s life and will dissipate soon.
A person who is diagnosed with OCD has obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior that affects their daily life. These thoughts and behaviors can be very strange and even seem absurd to the person. But, they will feel like they have no control over them. They will keep doing these actions and thoughts, even though they know that it is not really necessary. A person will spend a lot of time performing these actions, carrying them on for hours at a time.
Diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
The doctor will carry out various physical examinations to diagnose this disorder. They may check the person’s heart rate and blood pressure as well as their weight. The doctor may also look at the person’s hair and skin for any damage or abnormalities. They will also perform x-ray scans on the person to check how healthy they are.
The doctor will ask them a set of questions in order to understand their medical history. This includes asking them about previous illnesses, infections or operations that they have been through. They may also ask about any other mental health conditions that the person may be suffering from, such as depression, anxiety or ADHD. The doctor will assess whether these conditions are related to OCD and what treatments work best for each condition.
Obsessions are thoughts, images or impulses that come into the person’s mind. These thoughts keep returning even when the person tries to stop them. A person may try not to think about anything at all in order to avoid these bad thoughts. But, they will find it hard to stop thinking about them.
The person with obsessive-compulsive disorder will feel that they have to act on their thoughts or that something bad will happen if they don’t. They might try to ignore the thought, but it will keep coming back until they perform the compulsion.
When a person has an obsessive thought, they may try to perform some ritualistic behavior in order to reduce their fears. If you ever felt like you had to repeat an action in order to make sure something happened, it is like a compulsion.
For example, if the person has obsessive thoughts about germs or contamination, they may feel compelled to wash their hands. This could be because the thought of these contaminations makes them anxious and they want to do something in order to reduce that anxiety.
Compulsions are certain behaviors that the person will repeat in order to reduce their fears. They may work hard to make sure they don’t act on their impulses, but they still feel anxious until they have completed the compulsion. A compulsion can be something simple, like checking a door is locked or turning off a light switch. Or, it can be something complex, like repeatedly cleaning a window until they feel sure all the germs have been killed.
During the time they are performing one of their compulsions, a person with OCD is not thinking about anything else that is going on around them. They will believe that this compulsion will reduce their fear and anxiety, but when they finish it doesn’t really help. The compulsion is usually repeated many times before it makes any difference in their mind, and this can take hours at a time.
Who gets OCD?
About 2-3% of adults will suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder in their life. It is more common in women than men, by about 1.5 times. People who have first or second-degree relatives with OCD are more likely to develop the disorder than people without family members with the condition. If you suffer from other mental health conditions, such as depression, panic disorder or bipolar disorder you may also be at increased risk of OCD.
It is not known what causes obsessive-compulsive disorder, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
People with OCD may have had a traumatic experience as a child that has led them to develop the condition. They may also have certain personality traits that increase their risk of developing the obsessive-compulsive disorder. People who suffer from this condition are often perfectionists and will try to control everything that happens around them. They may also be very orderly and find it difficult to relax without a structured routine.
What are the treatments for OCD?
The main treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder is a type of cognitive behavior therapy called exposure and response prevention (ERP). This means that a person will gradually face their fears by being exposed to whatever makes them anxious. They will work with a therapist to do this, and at the same time they will learn new ways of thinking about their fears so that they no longer have to perform compulsions.
They may also take a type of antidepressant medication called a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). This is because people with OCD often suffer from depression at the same time as their obsessions and compulsions, and this medication helps to reduce their symptoms.
Therapists will usually start by asking you to do some tasks on your own before you face your fears with them. You may be asked to keep a record of when you have thoughts or perform any rituals, such as checking the door is locked. This helps you to see how often your obsessions and compulsions happen during a day. You may also be asked to keep track of how anxious it makes you feel when you have these thoughts or perform the rituals, on a scale from 0-100 (0 being no anxiety and 100 being unbearable anxiety).
We’re here to help! If you’re dealing with OCD, we want to hear from you. Please contact our doctors today for a free consultation and therapy session. You can find out more about how obsessive-compulsive disorders are treated by checking out this article on the topic.
It’s important that people know what signs of an obsessive-compulsive disorder look like so they can get treatment as soon as possible before it worsens or something dangerous happens due to their obsessions. Thank you again for your time and have a great day!